Safety and security measures are paramount in all aspects of life whether it our home, our workplace, our academic institution or basically any place or any object. Often at times we are protecting our valuables such as money or confidential paperwork or possessions from all kinds of threats. It is the 21st Century and the era is largely digitized. Digital transformations have swept the floor from under us and many of us are integrating technology based practices into our everyday lives. In such an era, we are often prone to ‘cyber attacks’ as well and therefore it is compulsory that we implement the necessary measures to protect ourselves from such cyber-attacks.
In nearly every cyber-attack, the goal is to steal and exploit sensitive data, which includes credit card information, bank account data, or personal identity information. Before moving forward to applying practices for prevention of cyber-attacks, it is first crucial to understand the kind of cyber-attacks that are there. While the list is ever-growing due to the evolving nature of the hackers, below listed are most of the prevalent types of cyber-attacks:
APT; Advanced Persistent Threats are long-term targeted attacks in which hackers break into a network in multiple phases to avoid detection. They remain undetected for as long as possible trying to gain foothold on the system.
DDoS; Distribution Denial of Service is the intentional overloading of a server to cause it to lag and hang so that it may be break down the website or network thereby giving the hacker sufficient time to gain access and plunder into the system.
Inside attack; as the term suggests, it basically refers to when someone in the organization basically an employee with administrative privileges or access uses the information in a negative manner and tries to purposely misuse their credentials to gain access to confidential company information.
Malware; this umbrella term is short for "malicious software" and covers any program introduced into the target's computer with the intent to cause damage or gain unauthorized access. Types of malware include viruses, worms, Trojans, ransomware and spyware.
Password attacks; Password attacks are when the hacker logs in using the password. There are three main types of password attacks: a brute-force attack, in which the hacker attempts to guess the password until they get in; a dictionary attack, in which the hacker uses a program to try different combinations of dictionary words; and key logging, which the hacker tracks a user's keystrokes, including login IDs and passwords.
Phishing; this is the most commonly used form of cyber-attack infiltrating businesses and individuals all. The hacker collects sensitive information like login credentials or credit card information through a website which appears to be legitimate or via a link which is ultimately fraudulent. The most common type of phishing occurs via emails.
Ransomware: As the name suggests, the purpose of this attack is to lock you out of your system by infecting it and demanding ransom mostly in the form of money to unlock it.
Ways for protection against Cyber-Attacks
Now that we are aware of the types of cyber-attacks, we can analyze miscellaneous practices which can be executed for creating protection against them.
Educating your employees: It is imperative to teach your staff the importance of protecting data, the procedures in place to protect your company’s data, and how to recognize the signs of a breach.
Keeping software updated: An old and outdated software or computer poses much more chances for infiltration by a hacker as it is not in line with the current updates thereby making it highly vulnerable. It is crucial to have the necessary updates from time to time to prevent any such cyber-attacks.
Use firewalls and install Anti-Virus and Anti-Malware Softwares: Installing these software is the ultimate necessary step to protecting you system against infiltration of any kind. It’s essential to have anti-malware software installed on all devices and the network.
Regularly back up and encrypt all data: Install back up software and back up all your data on a regular basis so that any information compromised or lost during a breach can easily be recovered from an alternate location. Secondly, keep an encryption software to protect sensitive data against breaches.
Document your cyber-security policies: The dissertation help is an organization contains a set of decided policies for all matters, as such, Cyber Security is also a major issue which can negatively affect a business and hence its proper policies should be constructed, documented and regulated amongst the whole organization and its employees.
On the whole…
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